The Watarru Indigenous Protected Area (IPA) was dedicated in 2000, and covers 1.2 million hectares on in the south-western corner of the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (APY) Lands. The country lies in the Great Victoria Desert, the traditional lands of the Anangu.
Anangu Traditional Owners manage their lands in accordance with traditional law, or Tjukurpa, linked to the time when ancestral beings travelled across the land, creating and shaping the features of the landscape and establishing traditional codes of behaviour. This code regulates all aspects of life, from land management and resource use to social relationships and personal identity.
The Anangu Land Management Rangers undertake a number of land management practices to enhance the health of their country. These include surveying, mapping and monitoring a number of vulnerable and threaten species, tjakura , the great desert skink and nganamara , the malleefowl. The rangers also undertake patch burning and feral animal reduction.