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Working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples

Indigenous Procurement Policy

The primary purpose of the Indigenous Procurement Policy (IPP) is to stimulate Indigenous entrepreneurship, business and economic development, providing Indigenous Australians with more opportunities to participate in the economy.

Prior to the implementation of the policy, Indigenous enterprises secured limited business from Commonwealth procurement. The policy is intended to significantly increase the rate of purchasing from Indigenous enterprises.

How the IPP works:

  1. Annual targets for the volume and value of contracts to be awarded to Indigenous enterprises by the Commonwealth and each Portfolio.
  2. The Mandatory Set Aside (MSA) requires that Indigenous businesses be given an opportunity to demonstrate value for money before a general approach to market. The MSA applies to procurements to be delivered in remote Australia and for all other procurements wholly delivered in Australia valued between $80,000‑$200,000 (GST inclusive).
  3. Indigenous employment and business participation targets apply to contracts wholly delivered in Australia valued at $7.5 million or more in 19 industries, known as Mandatory Minimum Indigenous Participation Requirements (MMR).  

Exemption 16 of the Commonwealth Procurement Rules allows portfolios to procure directly with Indigenous small to medium size enterprises, provided the enterprise can demonstrate value for money. 

The success of the IPP is measured by:

  1. An increase in the number of Indigenous businesses awarded a contract
  2. An increase in the volume and value of contracts awarded to Indigenous businesses.

Since 2015, the IPP has performed well against these KPIs, generating over $3.5 billion in contracting opportunities for Indigenous businesses. This has involved over 24,470 contracts awarded to more than 2,140 Indigenous businesses. Detailed data for 2019-20 Commonwealth Indigenous procurement outcomes is available at:

IPP Guides – June 2020

Guides for managing the IPP’s mandatory minimum requirements (MMR)

Guides for general IPP use

IPP Data/results

2019-20 Commonwealth Indigenous procurement outcomes

Over 918 Indigenous businesses secured more than 7,749 Commonwealth contracts during the 2019-20 financial year. As of 9 October 2020, these were valued in total at $857 million. 

The Commonwealth and all portfolios exceeded their 2019-20 targets of 3 per cent of the number and 1 per cent of the value of accessible contracts being awarded to Indigenous businesses.

IPP data will change as contracts are varied or published on AusTender and will likely vary from Indigenous procurement published by individual portfolios. 

The method for calculating and measuring performance against the target is outlined in the IPP policy document. The following data is current as at 19 September 2020.

Portfolio Number Target Contract count against target Value Target Value of contracts
Agriculture, Water and the Environment 105 558 $7,815,731.84 $55,349,567.47
Attorney-General's 69 252 $2,662,381.65 $5,852,368.28
Defence 714 2,882 $95,467,045.28 $447,359,966.24
Education, Skills and Employment 84 385 $11,208,558.30 $16,853,457.83
Finance 52 133 $2,692,275.21 $12,484,078.68
Foreign Affairs and Trade 61 267 $5,537,892.36 $19,216,042.83
Health 78 341 $7,074,974.43 $75,745,754.88
Home Affairs 105 914 $11,180,635.52 $12,897,370.30
Industry, Science, Energy and Resources 82 339 $7,222,065.67 $11,789,425.81
Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications 49 739 $4,396,651.99 $41,132,278.47
Parliamentary Departments 18 59 $1,538,674.44 $5,510,369.63
Prime Minister and Cabinet 43 904 $2,234,670.90 $39,946,311.23
Social Services 117 1,096 $20,359,604.32 $76,483,662.14
Treasury 135 414 $12,819,269.77 $26,831,984.22
Veterans' Affairs 39 81 $2,603,769.50 $6,226,197.51
Total Commonwealth 1,750 9,364 $194,814,201.18 $853,678,835.52
  1. For details of how portfolios report contracts against targets refer to the Indigenous Procurement Policy.
  2. The IPP policy includes multiyear contracts in calculating performance against number targets.

Commonwealth Indigenous Procurement Targets (number and value of contracts by portfolio)

Portfolio 2020-21 procurement Number target
(3% of number of eligible contracts*)
2020-21 procurement Value target
(1.25% of value of eligible contracts*)
Agriculture, Water and the Environment 112 $11,245,488.51
Attorney-General's 70 $3,110,914.93
Defence 676 $110,745,011.21
Education, Skills and Employment 78 $9,387,111.88
Finance 49 $3,455,323.19
Foreign Affairs and Trade 59 $5,615,142.14
Health 88 $9,206,019.43
Home Affairs 102 $13,563,941.28
Industry, Science, Energy and Resources 78 $7,943,524.80
Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications 52 $4,860,228.36
Parliamentary Departments 15 $1,229,015.81
Prime Minister and Cabinet 43 $2,349,104.32
Social Services 114 $23,948,259.08
Treasury 136 $12,761,704.88
Veterans' Affairs 48 $3,554,296.40
Total Commonwealth 1720  $222,975,086.25

* For details on how targets are calculated targets refer to the Indigenous Procurement Policy

Contract Count by Financial Year

The following graph shows the growing size of the Indigenous business sector since the IPP started.

Contract Count by Financial Year graph demonstrating that Indigenous businesses are winning a growing number of contracts under the IPP. During the following financial years the number of contracts awarded to Indigenous businesses were: 2015-2016 - approximately 1,800; 2016-2017 - approximately 3,800; 2017-2018 - approximately 4,400; 2018-2019 - approximately 6,200; and in 2019-2020 - approximately 7,750.

Mandatory set aside results

The Mandatory Set-Aside (MSA) arrangements provide Indigenous SMEs with the opportunity to demonstrate value for money before the procuring official makes a general approach to the market.

The following tables demonstrate that Indigenous businesses continue to win more contracts under the MSA, including in remote areas.

Mandatory Set Aside Results 2015-16 2016-17   2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Number of new IPP contracts valued at $80,000–$200,000 and listed on AusTender 131 224   295 431 449
Number of new IPP contracts, valued between $80,000–$200,000, as percentage of total listed on AusTender 1.37% 2.51%   3.21% 4.80% 4.25%
Value of new IPP contracts valued at $80,000–$200,000 and listed on AusTender ($ million) $16.7 $28.5   $38.3 $55.0 $57.5
Value of new IPP contracts valued between $80,000–$200,000, as percentage of total value of these contracts listed on AusTender 1.36% 2.45%   3.10% 4.02% 3.81%
Mandatory Set Aside –Remote Performance 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Number of new contracts delivered in remote areas 198 602 892 820 108
Value of new contracts delivered in remote areas
($ million)
$25.3 $79.9 $110.2 $72.5 83.6

MSA Notes:

  • For full details on the MSA including information on when it does not apply refer to the Indigenous Procurement Policy.
  • NIAA was unable to exclude contracts that were subject to an exemption prior to 1 July 2018. Due to this data constraint, for the period 2015-16 to 2017-18, performance is likely to be higher than reported in the MSA tables above.
  • Under the IPP, the MSA applies to all contracts delivered in remote areas regardless of value. As a result, contracts delivered in remote areas, that also meet the MSA threshold ($80,000-$200,000), are included in both MSA tables on this page.
  • IPP data for remote Australia is under-reported as it relies on manual reporting. NIAA continues to work with portfolios to develop better systems to collect this data.
  • A map defining the areas considered remote under the IPP is available.

Mandatory Minimum Indigenous participation requirements (MMR) for Indigenous workforce and/or supply targets (MMR)

Since 1 July 2016, 180 contracts valued at $12.4 billion, awarded to 97 organisations, have been subject to the IPP’s mandatory minimum Indigenous participation requirements (MMR).

MMR targets apply to contracts wholly delivered in Australia valued at or above $7.5m that are awarded in one or more of 19 specified industry categories.

The original eight industry categories under the MMR, which applied to Approaches to Market undertaken from 1 July 2016, are:

  • Farming and fishing and forestry and wildlife contracting services.
  • Building, construction and maintenance services.
  • Industrial cleaning services.
  • Transportation, storage and mail services.
  • Editorial and design and graphic and fine art services.
  • Education and training services.
  • Travel and food and lodging and entertainment services.
  • Politics and civic affairs services.

From 1 July 2020, the following 11 new industry categories with mandatory minimum requirements were added, which apply to Approaches to Market undertaken from that date:

  • Financial instruments, products, contracts and agreements.
  • Mining and oil and gas services.
  • Industrial production and manufacturing services.
  • Environmental services.
  • Management and business professionals and administrative services (sub-category exemptions apply*).
  • Engineering and research and technology-based services.
  • Financial and insurance services (sub-category exemptions apply*).
  • Healthcare services.
  • Personal and domestic services.
  • National defence and public order and security and safety services (sub-category exemption applies).
  • Organisations and clubs.

*sub-category exemption applies – for more information refer to the Indigenous Procurement Policy  and UNSPSC policy guide.

Companies with active MMR contracts

The following table lists organisations that currently have one or more contracts with an MMR, as at 12 September 2020.

Organisation Number of contracts
MAS NATIONAL LIMITED 3
ThyssenKrupp Elevator Australia 1
IQON Pty Ltd 1
HINDMARSH CONSTRUCTION AUSTRALIA PT 1
SOUTH METROPOLITAN TAFE 1
TAFE SA 1
SITZLER PTY LTD 4
BUSY AT WORK 2
Education Services Australia Ltd 2
NORTH METROPOLITAN TAFE 1
SARINA RUSSO JOB ACCESS 3
Built Pty Limited 2
Iron Mountain Australia Group Pty Ltd 1
ABCorp Pty Ltd 1
MTC Work Solutions 1
TEACH FOR AUSTRALIA 1
AUSTRALIAN POSTAL CORPORATION 2
Skytraders Pty Ltd 1
TOLL TRANSITIONS 1
INTRACT AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 2
DOWNER EDI WORKS PTY LTD & F.K. GARDNER & SONS PTY. LTD. 1
VERTO LTD 2
RAYTHEON AUSTRALIA 1
GARDEN ISLAND BAYINGUWA DELIVERY TEAM 1
CHARTAIR PTY LTD 1
MINICON CONSTRUCTION (QLD) PTY LTD 1
Settlement Services International 1
HANSEN YUNCKEN PTY LTD 1
LAING O'ROURKE AUSTRALIA 3
MANTEENA SECURITY (AUST) PTY LTD 3
HOLMESGLEN INSTITUTE OF TAFE FINANCE DEPARTMENT 1
MDA Ltd 1
CONVERGA PTY LTD 1
SERCO AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITED 1
ADCO CONSTRUCTIONS PTY LTD 1
Viva Energy Australia 2
GDN ISLAND BAYINGUWA DELIVERY TEAM PACIFIC SERVICES GROUP 1
KANE CONSTRUCTIONS PTY LTD 1
AMES Australia 2
BUPA HEALTH SERVICES PTY LTD 1
TOP END GROUP TRAINING NORTHERN 1
Melaleuca Refugee Centre 1
Australian Red Cross Society 1
MELBOURNE POLYTECHNIC 1
NAVITAS ENGLISH PTY LTD 2
MAX EMPLOYMENT 1
NSW BUSINESS CHAMBER 3
DDR INDIGENOUS CONTRACTORS JV PTY LTD 1
DOWNER EDI ENGINEERING POWER PTY LTD 1
B P Australia Pty Ltd 1
CHARLES DARWIN UNIVERSITY 1
TASTAFE 1
LENDLEASE BUILDING CONTRACTORS PTY LIMITED 1
UNIVERSITY OF NSW ADFA UNSW@ADF 1
DJERRIWARRH EMPLOYMENT & 3
BMD CONSTRUCTIONS PTY LTD 3
DHL EXPRESS (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTD 1
BADGE PTY LTD 1
BARPA CONSTRUCTION SERVICES 8
CANPRINT COMMUNICATIONS PTY LTD 1
ST HILLIERS PROPERTY PTY LIMITED 8
William Angliss Institute 1
ICON SI (AUST) PTY LTD 1
TAFE SA 1
WODONGA INSTITUTE OF TAFE 1
BADGE CONSTRUCTIONS QLD PTY LTD AND NATIONAL ABORIGINAL 4
Australian Refrigeration Council Lt 1
SHAPE Australia Pty Limited 1
WATPAC CONSTRUCTION  PTY LTD 5
TAFE QUEENSLAND 2
COLIN JOSS & CO PTY LTD 1
ADAGOLD AVIATION PTY LTD 1
BENDIGO KANGAN INSTITUTE 1
ONE TREE COMMUNITY SERVICES INC 1
STEPS GROUP AUSTRALIA LIMITED 2
The Camerons Group 1
RIGHT MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS PTY LTD 1
TIWI PARTNERS PTY LTD 2
MEGT (AUSTRALIA) LTD 5
FAMILY DAY CARE ASSOCIATION QLD LTD 1
TECHNICAL & FURTHER EDUCATION 2
THE SOCIAL RESEARCH CENTRE 2
FUJI XEROX BUSINESSFORCE PTY LTD 1
DURATEC AUSTRALIA PTY LTD 7
LEND LEASE BUILDING PTY LTD 4
NSW FAMILY DAY CARE ASSOCIATION 1
CPB CONTRACTORS PTY LIMITED 1
ZINFRA PTY LTD 1
TOLL REMOTE LOGISTICS PTY LTD 1
Cockram Construction Ltd 1
F K GARDNER & SONS PTY LTD 4

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